The first and second world wars were the largest military conflicts in history, The First World War (WWI) was fought from 1914 to 1918 and the Second World War (or WWII) was fought from 1939 to 1945. The First World War mainly centered in Europe, however the Second World War branched out and some powers from Asia interfered. The Second World War was especially shocking because of the genocide of Jewish people perpetrated by the Nazis.
In the First World War, the world Warring nations were divided into two groups namely ‘The Central Powers’ and ‘The Allied Powers’. The central powers group consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria. The Allied powers group consisted of France, Britain, Russia, Italy, Japan, and in 1917 the joining of the U.S.
The War was caused by the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria in June 1914 by Serbian nationalists; this escalated the issues of the war between the Austrian- Hungarian empire and the other alliance nations in Europe i.e Russia, France while Germany and Austria- Hungary were allies. The Nature of the war was between countries for acquiring colonies or territory or resources that left around an estimate of 10 million dead and 21 million wounded. The German, Russian, Austro- Hungarian and Ottoman Empires
were militarily and politically defeated. Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman Empires ceased to exist. The League of Nations was formed in the hope of preventing another such conflict.
However, In the Second World War the opposing alliances are now referred to as ‘The Axis’ and ‘The Allies’. The Axis group consisted of Germany, Italy, and Japan. The Allies group consisted of France, Britain, the U.S., the Soviet Union, and China.
The main cause of the Second World War was the political and economic instability in Germany caused by the harsh conditions of the Treaty of Versailles, the rise of power of Adolf Hitler and his alliance with Italy and Japan to oppose the Soviet Union.
This war was mainly a war of ideologies between fascism and communism, that left more than 40 million men and women serving in the armed forces by 1944, and civilian and military deaths exceeded 55 million.
The war ended with the total victory of the Allies over Germany and Japan in 1945 when the United States used atomic bombs against Japan because it failed to surrender. The Soviet Union and the United States emerged as rival superpowers due to the war of ideologies between communism and a fear of the end of the American free world. The United Nations was established to foster international cooperation and prevent conflicts after the failure of the League of Nations.
In conclusion, although both world wars were arguably started by Germany and ended by the interference from the United States were Germany has lost. Germany is rising once again as one of the main economical powers in Europe and is now thriving after the Second World War. The casualties of the world were tremendous, and the loss of resources japan suffered in the Second World War due to the atomic bombs is still being mourned until today. The first world war mainly focused on acquiring more lands and resources, but the second world war was trying to spread ideologies of dictators that are trying to rule with their ideas rather than areas of lands.
Show MoreWorld War I, also known as the First World War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918. From the time of its occurrence until the approach of World War II, it was called simply the World War or the Great War, and thereafter the First World War or World War I. In America, it was initially called the European War. More than 9 million combatants were killed; a casualty rate exacerbated by the belligerents' technological and industrial sophistication, and tactical stalemate. It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history, paving the way for major political changes, including revolutions in many of the nations involved.
The war drew in all the world's great economic powers, which were…show more content…
This was caused because of militarism, alliances, imperialism and nationalism. The four main causes that started the first world war. Militarism was one of the causes of the causes of the World War 1. Militarism is a belief that a strong military/defense is important for a country to be successful. One example is that Robert E. Lee, an American career military officer, one said, “ I and the army were born for one another”. The Origins of the First World War suggest that Emile Zola thought war is important for the country to be successful because the author wrote, “ War is life itself. Nothing exists in nature,is born, grows or multiplies except by combat”(Document 1). This primary source helps explain militarism was an underlying cause of the war because it states with war, you can gain success and prosperity. The Origins of the First World War suggest that james joll thought that without a strong army and navy, heir country will be powerless, because in the text it states, “We realize that without power, without a strong army and a strong navy, there can be no welfare for us”(Document 8). This primary source helps explain militarism was an underlying cause of the war because it is suggesting the reader that without a powerful defense, there would be no welfare.
Alliances were one of the other main causes of the World War 1. Alliances was a strong positive relationship between countries that provide