Society in Utopia by Thomas More Essay
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Society in Utopia by Thomas More
In his book Utopia, Thomas More examines a society that seems to be the ideal living situation for human beings. The main thesis of Utopia is his solution to many of the problems that are being faced in English society in the early 16th century. In forming his ideas for the country of Utopia, More points out many of the problems that he sees in English society. One of the most striking examples of English social problems that More points out is the punishment of thieves. In England, thieves are punished with death. There is no distinction between the severity of crimes in the justice system and a man who steals a loaf of bread is given the same sentence as a man who kills. According to More,…show more content…
Result-hundreds of farmers are evicted." (More, 47) Without land, people have no means of supporting themselves and are forced to either turn to begging and lose all of their self respect or steal to survive and More says "theft comes easier to a man of spirit".(More, 48) More sums up his feeling on the matter by saying "Thus, a few greedy people have converted one of England's greatest natural advantages into a national disaster." (More, 48) When examining the problems of English society, More points out that another of the main contributing factors is the centralized kingship of the country. More says, "it is generally agreed that a king can do no wrong, however much he may want to, because everything belongs to him, including every human being in the country...". (More, 61) Because the king has so much power over his country and his land, there is nothing to assure that the people under his command can lead happy and healthy lives. One of the main points More focuses on in Utopia is the kings powers and how he uses them. Kings have the ability to make war, but More questions why anyone would want to go to war in the first place by saying "I don't see how it can be in the public interest to prepare for war, which you needn't have unless you want to, by maintaining innumerable disturbers of the
The Giver has some pretty broad themes, but the events within the story can help you build those up into a great, specific thesis statement with well-formed points of evidence backing it up.
Let's create an example. One theme from the book is pain/suffering. The world of The Giver deals with pain by isolating it — Jonas's society is "utopian" because no one has to deal with pain (which we actually learn makes it dystopian).
We here in our unregulated world know pain is not pleasant, but we also know pain is a human experience, and is part of growing.
Throughout the course of the story, as Jonas is given memories and learns more dark truths about the society he lives in, he begins to understand people cannot live completely regulated lives free from pain. He leaves to go Elsewhere, along with Gabriel, so they might have a chance to live unregulated lives. He hopes his leaving will transfer his memories to the people of the community, causing them to gain insight into the shallow and horrible lives they lead.
So, with all this in mind, a thesis statement relating to the theme of pain/suffering could be:
Lowry uses memory and Jonas's experiences in The Giver to show pain is part of the human experience and is necessary for people to learn, grow, and live full lives.
Just take any theme from the book that you'd like to write about, see what the book specifically says about that theme, and voila! You've got a thesis statement.