Read about information on the American education system or the education system in the United States of America.
American Educational System
United States of America has one of the most effective educational systems in the world because it ensures quality to the children of the country. The system is highly sophisticated and constructed with special care given to the educational needs of the student community. The Federal Government has enforced strict laws to make sure that each and every person is benefited with basic knowledge regardless of their financial conditions. After completing the post-secondary education, one can move on to pursue the graduate, doctorate and even post-doctorate studies. The American educational system also nurtures extracurricular activities of students, along with providing them a highly competitive curriculum. The education system of USA functions under the U.S. Department of Education. Let's find out more below!
Education System In United States of America
Entry Level Education
Children in the United States enter public education through pre-schools and kindergarten at the age of 3, although it is not mandatory. The Head Start Pre-School funded by the Federal Government caters to the requirements of kids belonging to low income families.
Education In School
The schooling years begin in August-September, just after the summer season. It is divided into twelve grades which are distributed among three parts - primary school (first five years), middle school (6th to 8th grade), junior high school (7th to 9th grade) and high school (9th to 12th grade). All basic subjects are taught in elementary school. Except for special areas such as physical education, library, music and art, teaching takes place in classrooms. The curriculum is determined by individual districts. According to the 'No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Program', the committees of all schools should meet the Adequate Yearly Process (AYP) to settle on common learning standards.
Mandatory subjects in school include:
- Science (biology, chemistry and physics)
- Mathematics (algebra, geometry, pre-calculus, statistics and calculus)
- English (literature, humanities, composition, oral languages etc.)
- Social sciences (history, government/economics)
- Physical education (at least one year)
Electives subjects include:
- Computers (word processing, programming, graphic design)
- Career and Technical Education (Agriculture/Agriscience, Business/Marketing, Family and Consumer Science, Health occupations, and Technology Education)
- Performing Arts/Visual Arts, (choir, band, orchestra, drama, art, ceramics, photography, and dance)
- Foreign languages (Spanish, French, Chinese, Latin, Greek, German, Italian, Arabic and Japanese)
- Junior Reserve officers' Training Corps
Many high schools provide Advanced Placement (AP) or International Baccalaureate (IB) courses as well. These include a more challenging curriculum and are considered equivalent to the first year of college. These courses can be taken in the 9th, 11th or 12th grades of high school. The AP or IB results are taken into consideration for post-secondary admissions. Home schooling is also common in the United States. People opt for this concept owing to religious and moral reasons.
- Children are continuously assessed and the results are announced in the form of grades. They are then entered into a report card, which is allotted to each student for constant evaluation of performances.
- Each grade represents a range of mark or percentage. Usually an A+ is given for the best performance. Standardized tests such as the Regents Examinations (New York), the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT), the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System (MCAS) etc., are taken by the American states to ensure that children have achieved at least a minimum level of education. This is taken up during the 11th grade. In case, the child fails to make progress then according to the 'No Child Left Behind' Act, that individual must be given additional support through summer schools.
- The US educational system gives importance to extra-curricular activities in the form of organizing sports, drills and bands and different competitions.
- The country has also considered the educational needs of children with disabilities, by providing them with free and appropriate public education under the Federal Law Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
- After completing post-secondary education, students can further proceed to university education. on completing the undergraduate study, they will be conferred with a Bachelor's Degree. Graduate students can then proceed for post graduate studies to obtain a Master's degree. Doctorate and post-doctorate program follow, if they wish to pursue an in-depth knowledge in their subject area.
- Admission to university depends on various factors like high school course of study, high school Grade Point Average (GPA), participation in extracurricular activities, SAT or ACT exam scores, college admission essays and personal interview (optional).
- Students can enroll in professional degrees of law, medicine, pharmacy, dentistry etc. either after their post-secondary education or after completing their graduation (depending on the program). Enrollment into graduate courses again depends upon standardized entrance tests such as Graduate Record Examination (GRE), Medical College Admission test (MCAT), Law School admission Test (LSAT) etc.
Cost And Funding
The fees vary according to nature of the course selected. The funding for the K-12 schools varies but in general, 8.5% of the Public School System Funds are catered by the Federal Government while the rest is split between the State and Local Government. 48.7% of the remaining funds are supplied by the State Government and 42.8% from local sources.
United States of America has one of the best and most effective educational systems in the world. Hope this article has provided you with a detailed picture of the US educational system.
Essay/Term paper: American education system vs asian education system
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American Education system versus Asian Education System
Today the American education system is no longer the best in the world. With declining test scores and poor academic achievement, people have questioned whether our current educational system is working for us? On the other side of the Pacific, the situation is totally different. Students of Asian countries achieve higher academic achievements, and they rank at the top on math and science tests. If their educational system is better than the U.S system, should we adopt their educational system or not?
America the land of opportunity, which is famous for its democratic society and unique culture. People in America like to be free, to do whatever they want to do without any restrictions. This belief is reflected in the American educational system. In American schools, teachers and students are at the same social level. Students are encouraged to exchange their own opinions with the teacher. From an early age, students in the American educational system have been taught that they have the ability to achieve whatever they want to be, but rarely have been told how they can achieve their goal. This is because in America there are so many ways to achieve one"s dream.
Because of this belief in natural born ability in the land of opportunity, students receive very little pressure in school, so whatever they do in school is totally based on their personal beliefs. If a student wants to be successful he or she can study very hard and get in to a very good college. On the other hand if a student doesn"t have any self control and just wants to get school over with, it is OK too, because nobody cares. The advantage of this kind of educational system is that , it really developes student"s individual thinking skills, they are encouraged to try out different options to achieve their goal. For example Bill Gates, who dropped out of college, started his own company, now he is one of the richest man in the world. That bad thing about this system is that not that many students don"t have the responsibility to get good grades or become successful many believe that even if you don"t have a good education you can still get a good paying job. That"s why many students in school are doing poorly on their school work.
In Asian countries, the cultures and social standards are totally different from the U.S. In those countries most of their values are based on Confucius which heavily stresses education and group values. One"s social status is based on their education level. Starting from elementary school, students have been taught that if you want to be successful in life you must have a good education, any other way is considers inappropriate. In the Asian school systems, educators rank students by their scores. So, if your rank is high you are a good student and you will have a good chance to get into a good school. If your rank is low then you are a bad student it is a sign of your are going to be a looser. Nobody cares if you are talented or not. Under these pressures, students compete hard with other students. They study five hours a day just trying to gain more points on a test so they can get into a higher rank. In school, teachers try to stuff more knowledge into students so their class can be better than other class in the School. Schools set stricter rules so their students can be better than the students in other schools.
Through these efforts of setting high standards it"s no surprise that Asian students rank at the top of academic achievement. The advantage of this kind of system is that the school systems can provide the society year after year with high quality personnel with the same academic standard, although most of those students are that creative, because they are not allowed to do much free thinking in school. Free thinking is considered a waste of time.
In reality, a person must be very creative on a job otherwise he or she will be replaced by someone in no time. Because the American educational system allows and encourages free thinking in school, U.S is still the #1 in innovation and scientific research. If the U.S adopts the Asian educational system it"s probaly going to be in confilict with the constitution on the issue of freedom of speech. Because of this, I think the current educational system is well suited for America.
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