Congress, the Committees, and the House V.S. the Senate Essay
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Congress has many functions to keep it working and functioning. They do many things to make laws, make sure they’re fair, and much more. There are also many committees with important jobs. There are many things that influence congressional elections such as reapportionment, redistricting, much more. There are many people who make up the House and Senate and they have many important jobs to keep things running smoothly. One function of Congress is lawmaking. It is one of their main jobs to make rules for Americans, but they don’t initiate most of the bills they pass. Most are initiated in the Executive Branch or from interest groups and their political parties. Congress gets support for their bills by persuading other members to support…show more content…
This is very important to Congress. Another function is oversight. It is a process in which Congress follows up the laws they enact to make sure that they are being properly enforced. They research this by holding hearings, doing investigations, changing the agency’s budget, and cross-examining presidential nominees to lead major agencies. It helps to sniff out problems. Then there is public-education. They do this when they have hearings, debates, or exercise oversight. It gives a variety of viewpoints and opens up important national questions for discussion. Lastly, there is conflict-resolution. Many people look to Congress for guidance and this helps solve the problem. Firstly, there are standing committees. They are a permanent committee in house or senate that considers bills within a specific area. Each different committee is given a specific area of legislative policy jurisdiction. Members tend to seek committee seats that deal with matters of special interest to their constituents. There are select committees. It is a temporary legislative committee created for a limited time for a specific reason. They normally form to investigate public issues like aging. Another is joint committees. It is comprised of both Chambers of Congress. They can be permanent or temporary. They work with economy, tax, or Library of Congress. Conference Committees are formed to reach an agreement between the House and
The National Coat of Arms. The national coat-of-arms of the Republic was approved by Commonwealth Act No. 731 on July 3, 1946. It was designed by then Captain Galo B. Ocampo, secretary of the Philippine Heraldry Committee. This was subsequently revised in February 12, 1998, under Republic Act 8491.
The national coat-of-arms shall have paleways of two (2) pieces, azure and gules; a chief argent studded with three (3) mullets equidistant from each other; and, in point of honor, ovoid argent over all the sun rayonnant with eight minor lesser rays. Beneath shall be the scroll with the words "REPUBLIKA NG PILIPINAS," enscribed thereon.
The Flag of the Republic of the Philippines. The Philippine flag stands for unity and national identity, and expresses the Filipino's aspirations for freedom, equality, justice and nobility. It is the only flag in the world able to signify peace or war. In time of peace, the blue stripe is on top of the red. In time of war, the red stripe is on top of the blue.
The red stripe symbolizes courage and the willingness of every Filipino to shed blood in defense of our country, while the blue stripe stands for peace and unity among all Filipinos.
The equilateral triangle on the left side is symbolic of equality among men. The eight rays of the Philippine Sun in the triangle represent the eight provinces that first revolted against Spanish rule. The three stars on each corner of the triangle stand for Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.
The Seal of the House of Representatives. On September 23, 2015, the House of Representatives adopted a new seal through House Resolution No. 233 which is reflective of the character and tradition of the institution.
The Seal is in circular form with the National Coat-of-Arms of the Republic of the Philippines but without the scroll and the inscription in the center.
The year "1907" is incribed below the escutcheon representing the year the First Philippine Assembly was inaugurated. Eighty-one (81) Stars surround and guide the blazon representing the current number of provinces comprising the Republic.
Surrounding the whole is a double marginal circle within which appears the words "House of Representatives" in the upper part, and "Philippines" in the lower part. These phrases are separated by two small five-pointed stars.